Itraconazole is prescribed when the patient is suffering from fungal infections. Fungal infections include paracoccidioidomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, aspergillosis, histoplasmosis, and blastomycosis. The drug is categorized as azole antifungal. Similar to antibacterial drugs, this drug also stops the growth of fungus. Though mostly tablet form is used in most cases, the drug can be injected directly into the veins.
There are certain conditions when you should prevent the intake of Itraconazole. Especially for heart patients, the drug is not recommended
How to use Itraconazole Capsules
Here are some general guidelines for using Itraconazole capsules:
- Take the pill with a lot of water and do not chew it. Do not break or bite the capsule.
- If you have a nail or skin infection and are prescribed a capsule, you will need to take it once or twice a day for a few weeks or months.
- If you have a systemic fungal infection and you are taking a capsule for it, your doctor might give you a higher amount of the medicine and make the treatment last longer.
- It is very important to follow your doctor’s instructions and take the medicine exactly as they tell you.
- If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. But if it’s almost time for your next dose, just skip the dose you missed and keep taking your medicine as usual.
- Keep the medication in a cool and dry place, away from the sun.
Benefits of Itraconazole Capsules
Here are some of the benefits associated with the use of itraconazole capsules:
Effective against a wide range of fungal infections: Itraconazole is a broad-spectrum antifungal medication, meaning it can effectively treat various types of fungal infections, including systemic fungal infections, such as aspergillosis, histoplasmosis, and blastomycosis.
Convenient oral administration: Iconazole capsules are taken orally, which makes them easy to administer.
High bioavailability: Itraconazole capsules have good bioavailability, meaning that a significant amount of the medication is absorbed into the bloodstream after oral administration.
Long-lasting effects: Itraconazole has a long half-life, which means it remains active in the body for an extended period.
Treatment of nail fungus: The medication helps to eliminate the fungus from the nail bed, promoting the growth of healthy nails.
Well-tolerated: In general,raconazole capsules are well-tolerated by most individuals. However, like any medication, it may cause side effects in some people.
Side Effects of Itraconazole Capsules
The common side effects of Itraconazole capsules may include:
- Blurred vision
- Nausea, vomiting
- Decreased urine output
- Dry mouth
- Irregular heartbeat
- Increased thirst
- Chest pain
- Black, tarry stools
- Bleeding gums
- Blisters on the skin, peeling skin
- Numbness or tingling of arms/legs
- Hearing loss
- Mental/mood changes such as depression or anxiety
Precautions of Itraconazole Capsules
Here are some precautions to take when using Itraconazole capsules:
- The capsules called Itraconazole may make it more likely for someone to have heart failure, especially if they already have a heart problem. Patients should tell their doctor if they have any issues with their heart or if they have problems like feeling out of breath, having swollen ankles or feet, or gaining weight suddenly.
- You should tell your doctor if you are pregnant or thinking about getting pregnant while taking Itraconazole capsules. This medicine could hurt a developing baby.
- Itraconazole capsules can have an effect on other medications or supplements, such as certain antibiotics, antacids, and blood thinners. Patients need to tell their doctor or healthcare provider about all the medications they are currently taking before they begin using Itraconazole.
- Itraconazole capsules can make your nerves feel strange, like numbness, tingling, or a burning sensation. Patients should let their doctor know if they feel any strange or different sensations, especially on their skin.
- People with liver disease might have a greater chance of getting side effects from Itraconazole capsules. Patients need to tell their doctor if they have any issues with their liver.
- Itraconazole capsules can have a bad reaction with grapefruit juice. This can make the medicine stay in the body longer and cause more side effects